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Tragedy is co-related with human life :

Definition :

The tragedy is the word derives from the Greek tragōidia. It is a consequence of Drama portrays on human suffering, Pain, on slaughter etc. In Drama, it follows catharsis or to please the audiences. In many houses of Drama used this paradoxical response of audience from the historical time. The tragedy is very much relevant consequence of human life, and that leads to a Drama primarily even in Western Culture.

History :

Two thousand five hundred years ago in the theatre of ancient Greece,  only a part  of  the  work of Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, as well as many segments  of  other poets; through its singular articulations in the works of Shakespeare, Jean Racine, and Friedrich Schiller to the more recent naturalistic tragedy of Henrik Ibsen and August Strindberg; Samuel Beckett’s modernist meditations on death, loss and suffering; Müller’s postmodernist re workings of the tragic canon, tragedy has the essential role of insight s of Human habits, nature and culture. Many philosophers—which includes Plato, Aristotle, Saint Augustine, Voltaire, Hume, Diderot, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Freud, Benjamin, Camus, Lacan, and Deleuze—have analyzed, speculated upon, and criticized the time.

Tragedy in Literature:

 Aristotle’s Poetic drama  in 335 BCE  tragedy has been used to make distinctions in that time. if it is a stage of general poetry in epic or lyric or at the scale of the Drama as tragedy opposes comedy. In the modern time , tragedy has also been defined against drama, melodrama, the tragicomic, and epic theatre. Drama, in the narrow sense, cuts across the traditional division between comedy and tragedy in an anti- or a-generic deterition from the mid-19th century onwards. Both Bertolt Brecht and Augusto Boal define their epic theatre projects (non-Aristotelian Drama and Theatre of the Oppressed, respectively) against models of tragedy. Taxidou, however, reads epic theatre as an incorporation of tragic functions and its treatments of mourning and speculation.

 In 1515 Gian Giorgio Trissino and  Vicenza wrote his tragedy Sophonisba where the princess in drunk position the works of Sophocles, Seneca, and Euripides, as well as comedic writes Aristophanes, Terence and Plautus, were available in Europe and the next forty years saw humanists and poets translating and adapting their tragedies. In the 1540s, the European university setting (and primarily, from 1553 on, the Jesuit colleges) became host to Neo-Latin theatres his written by scholars. The influence of Seneca was particularly strong in its humanist tragedy. His plays, with their ghosts, lyrical passages and rhetorical oratory, brought a concentration on rhetoric and language over dramatic action to many humanist tragedies.

Tragedy of Shakespearian Time :

The most important sources for French tragic theatre in the Renaissance were the example of Seneca and the precepts of Horace and Aristotle (and contemporary commentaries by Julius Caesar Scaliger ), plots were taken from classical authors such as Plutarch, Suetonius,from the Bible models were also supplied by the Spanish  Golden  Age playwrights Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Tirso de Molina and Lope de Vega, many of whose works were translated and adapted for the French stage. The most successful tragedies of William  Shakespeare and his Elizabethan contemporaries. Shakespeare’s tragedies  Antony and Cleopatra,  Coriolanus, Hamlet, Othello, Macbeth King lear etc.

The Tragical  History of Doctor Faustus and Tamburlaine the Great and John Webster ‘s The Duchess of Malfi, The White Devil.

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